Coverage of protected areas ( AAA )

This indicator is proposed as an indicator for Sustainable Development Target 15.4 By 2030, ensure the conservation of mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity, in order to enhance their capacity to provide benefits that are essential for sustainable development


15.1 (and disaggregated versions for other targets)


Responsible entities and national availability: IUCN & UNEP-WCMC, BirdLife International, AZE. Available globally since 1950s, and can be disaggregated to national and regional levels.

Data sources: Protected Planet ( for protected areas data; Important Bird & Biodiversity Areas ( and Alliance for Zero Extinction sites
( for Key Biodiversity Areas data; indicator developed by Butchart et al. (2012) PLoS ONE 7(3): e32529.