Research and development expenditure and employment ( BAA )

This indicator is proposed as an indicator for Sustainable Development Target 09.5 Enhance scientific research, upgrade the technological capabilities of industrial sectors in all countries, in particular developing countries, including, by 2030, encouraging innovation and substantially increasing the number of research and development workers per 1 million people and public and private research and development spending


2a, 3b, 5.5, 12a, 14a, 17.6, 17.7

Data & Organisations

  • Research and development surveys (NSO, Line ministries)
  • UNESCO - UIS Data available for more than 140 countries for international reporting